Ichthyofauna of the Turkish parts of Kura-Aras River Basin

Erdogan CICEK, Sevil Sungur BIRECIKLIGIL

Abstract

The Kura and Aras rivers are largest rivers of the Caucasus rising from Turkey flowing through the Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran, draining to Caspian Sea. This study was carried out at 19 sampling sites along the entire basin between the years 2014 and 2015 in order to describe the diversity of the ichthyofauna of the Kura-Aras River Basin. Fish were collected with the use of an electrofishing device in streams and gill nets in lakes. A total of 19 fish species were observed in the study period. Based on previous studies and the sampled species during the study period, we document the presence of 32 fish species belonging to 11 families living in the Turkish part of the basin. Of these, 23 fish species are endemic to the Kura-Aras River and Caspian Sea basins, and are not found in any other river basins of Turkey.

Keywords

Aras River, Ichthyofauna, Kura River, Lake Çıldır, Lake Aktaş, Lake Balık, Lake Deniz, Lake, Lake Aygır.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdurakhmanov Y.A. 1950. New species of roach, Rutilus sojuchbulagi sp. nova. Doklady Akademii Nauk Azerbaidzhanskoi 6-3: 112-116.

Aksu P. 2006. Genotoxic effects and LC50 value of NAOCL on Acanthalburnus microlepis De-Filippi 1863. MSc Thesis, Kafkas University.

Aksu P., Gül S., Baysal A., Özkan O., Nur G., Kaya Ö.T. 2008a. LC50 value of NAOCL on Acanthalburnus microlepis De-Filippi 1863. 19. National Biology Congress. 23-27 June 2008, Trabzon.

Aksu P., Gül S., Ozkan O., Nur G., Kaya O.T. 2008b. Evaluation of the acute toxicity and genotoxicity of NaOCl on Acanthalburnus microlepis De-Filippi 1863. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 17: 298-302.

Akyurt I. 1988a. A comparative study on the growth rate and various characteristics of sheatfish (Silurus glanis L.) and caner fish (Barbus capito capito) lived in the same habitat of Karasu Stream in Iğdır Plain. Atatürk University, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture 19: 189-202.

Akyurt I. 1988b. A Study on the bio-ecological and economical properties of the sheatish (Silurus glanis L.) Lived in the Karasu Stream in lğdır Plain. Atatürk University, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture 19: 175-188.

Anonymous 2015. River basin management. Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, General Directorate of Water Management, Ankara. 40 p.

Aras M.S. 1976. A bio-ecological study on trout in Aras and Çoruh Rivers Basins. Atatürk University, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture 7: 1-16.

Aras M.S., Karaca O., Yanar M. 1986. A bio-ecological study on trout in the bioecology of Salmo trutta L. species live in the Madrek Stream which is one of the spring branch of the Aras River. Atatürk University, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture 17: 69-77.

Ayaz M., Baysal A. 2004. A research on taxonomy of ichthyofauna of Kars River. Türk Sucul Yaşam Dergisi 19-26.

Berg L.S. 1948-1949. Freshwater fishes of the USSR and adjacent countries. Vol. 1-3. Israel Program for Scientific Translations. Jerusalem, Reprinted translation. 1962-1965.

Bilecenoğlu M., Kaya M., Cihangir B., Çiçek E. 2014. An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 901-929.

Bogutskaya N.G., Küçük F., Atalay M.A. 2006. A description of three new species of the genus Pseudophoxinus from Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Leuciscinae). Zoosystematica Rossica 15: 335-341.

Çakır N. 2015. Determination of some population dynamical parameters of Acanthobrama microlepis (De Filippi, 1863) from Çıldır Lake. MSc Thesis, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, 36 p.

Çalışkan M., Yerli V.S., Canbolat A.F. 1999. The growth parameters of Barbus plebejus Heckel, 1843 in Çıldır Lake-Ardahan. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 233-239.

Canbolat A.F., Yerli V.S., Çalışkan M. 1999. The investigation of growth parameters of Capoeta capoeta capoeta (Guldenstant, 1773) in Çıldır Lake (Ardahan, Kars). Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 225-232.

Çetinkaya O. 2006. Exotic and native fish species that introduced or stocked into Turkish waters, their impacts on aquaculture, fisheries, wild populations and aquatic ecosystems: a preliminary study on constructing a database. Symposium on the stocking reservoir management. 07-09 February 2006, Antalya, Turkey.

Çiçek E., Birecikligil S. 2015. Index of biotic integrity for evaluation and monitoring of water quality: using fish biotic integrity index. Nevsehir Journal of Science and Technology 4: 45-56.

Çiçek E., Birecikligil S.S., Fricke R. 2015. Freshwater fishes of Turkey; a revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologists 9(2): 141-157.

Coad B.W. 1980-81. Environmental Change and Its Impact on the Freshwater Fishes of Iran. Biological Conservation 19: 51-80.

Coad B.W. 2006. Endemicity in the freshwater fishes of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 1: 1-13.

Coad B.W. 2015. Freshwater fishes of Iran. Available from: www.briancoad.com. Retrieved 4/03/2015.

Dağtekin B.B., Baştürk Ö. 2014. The determination of meat yield and biochemical composition of Prussian Carp, (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) in the Çıldır Lake. Yunus Araştırma Bülteni 2: 15-22.

Doadrio I., Carmona J.A. 2006. Phylogenetic overview of the genus Squalius (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) in the Iberian Peninsula, with description of two new species. Cybium 30: 199-214.

Erdoğan O. 1988. Studies on the growth and reproduction peculiarities of Capoeta capoeta capoeta (Güldenstaedt, 1772) with phsico-chemical properties of captured region waters in River Aras. PhD Thesis, Atatürk University, 93 p.

Ewing A. 2003. Water quality and public health monitoring of surface waters in the Kura-Araks River Basin of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. Water Resources Program, The University of New Mexico, Publication No. WRP-8, New Mexico, 55p.

Freyhof J., Kottelat M. 2008. Caspiomyzon wagneri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3.Available from: www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved 14/02/2015.

Fricke R., Bilecenoğlu M., Sarı H.M. 2007. Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostomata and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde 706: 1-169.

Grabarkiewicz J., Davis W. 2008. An introduction to freshwater fishes as biological indicators. EPA -260-R-08-016. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Information, Washington DC.

Gül S., Aksu P., Özkan O., Nur G., Kaya Ö.T. 2007. Genotoxic effects and LC50 value of NAOCL on Acanthalburnus microlepis De Filippi 1863. Functional Genomics with Embryonic Stem Cells 24-26 November. EMBL Heidelberg, Germany.

Güven A., Gül S., Kaya İ., Nur G., Deveci H.A., Kaya T.Ö. 2008. Antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in Alburnus filippi Kessler, 1877 and Acanthalburnus microlepis Filippii, 1863: a comparative study. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakütesi Dergisi 14: 13-18.

Innal D. 2012. Alien fish species in reservoir systems in Turkey: a review. Management of Biological Invasions 3: 115-119.

Innal D., Erk’akan F. 2006. Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 16: 39-50.

Karatepe M. 2014. An investigation on the growth and reproduction properties of Capoeta capoeta capoeta (Guldenstaedt, 1772) in Kars River. MSc Thesis, Atatürk University, 77p.

Küçük F., Bayçelebi E., Güçlü S.S., Gülle I. 2015. Description of a new species of Hemigrammocapoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Lake Işıklı, Turkey. Zootaxa 4052(3): 359-365.

Kuru M. 1971. The fish fauna of the Eastern Anatolia Region. PhD Thesis, Atatürk University.

Kuru M. 1975a. The systematical and zoogeographical assessment of freshwater fishes of the Euphrates-Tigris, Kura-Aras, Lake Van and the Black Sea Basins. Associate Professor Thesis, Ataturk University, 181 p.

Kuru M. 1975b. The freshwater fish fauna of Eastern Anatolia. İstanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Mecmuası 36: 137-147.

Kuru M. 2004. Recent systematic status of inland water fishes of Turkey. GÜ Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 24: 1-21.

Levin B.A., Freyhof J., Lajbner Z., Perea S., Abdoli A., Gaffaroğlu M., Özuluğ M., Rubenyan H.R, Salnikov V.B., Doadrio I. 2012. Phylogenetic relationships of the algae scraping cyprinid genus Capoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62: 542-549.

Nur G. 2006. Karyotype Analysis in Acanthalburnus microlepis (De Filippi, 1863) and Alburnus Filippii (Kessler, 1877) endemic to Kura-Aras River Basin. MSc Thesis, Kafkas University, 75 p.

Sığırcı U. 2015. Determination of population parameters of south caspian spirlin, Alburnoides eichwaldii (De Filippi, 1863), from Aras River basin. MSc Thesis, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, 43 p.

Tarkan A.S., Ekmekçi F.G., Vilizzi L., Copp G.H. 2014. Risk screening of nonnative freshwater fishes at the frontier between Asia and Europe: first application in Turkey of the fish invasiveness screening kit. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30: 392-398.

Tarkan A.S., Marr S.M., Ekmekçi F.G. 2015. Non-native and translocated freshwater fish species in Turkey. Fishmed Fishes in Mediterranean Environments 003: 28 p.

Temelli A. 1988. Bio-ecologic research of Acanthalburnus microlepis (Flippi, 1863) distribute in Aras River and its tributaries. MSc Thesis, Atatürk University, 70 p.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Doğan E. 2013. Two new species of Squalius, S. adanensis and S. seyhanensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), from the Seyhan River in Turkey. Zootaxa 3637(3): 308-324.

Turkmen M., Erdogan O., Haliloglu H.I., Yildirim A. 2001. Age, grouth and reproduction of Acanthalburnus microlepis, Filippi 1863 from the Yağan Region of the Aras River, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25: 127-133.

Ural P. 2007. Growth properties of Salmo trutta natio lacustris (Slastenenko, 1955) caught from Lake Balık. MSc Thesis, Atatürk University, 52 p.

Van der Laan R., Eschmeyer W.N. Fricke R. 2015. Family-group names of recent fishes. Zootaxa Monograph 3882: 1-230.

Wong C.M., Williams C.E., Pittock J., Collier U., Schelle P. 2007. World’s top 10 rivers at risk. WWF International. Gland, Switzerland, 52 p.

Yanar M. 1984. Bio-ecological researches on Leuciscus cephalus orientalis (Nordman, 1840) and Capoeta capoeta umbla (Heckel, 1843) distribute in Karasu River and Creeks of Upstream. MSc Thesis, Atatürk University.

Yayla D. 2014. Phenotypic features of Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758, Capoeta capoeta Güldenstadt, 1773 and Squalius turcicus De Filippi, 1865 from Çıldır Lake. MSc Thesis Kafkas University, 54 p.

Yerli S., Zengin M. 1998. An investigation on the reproduction of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758)) from Çıldır Lake-Turkey. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 22: 309-313.

Yerli V.S., Çalışkan M., Canbolat A.F. 1999. An investigation on the growth criterias of Leuciscus cephalus in Çıldır Lake-Ardahan. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 271-278.

Yerli V.S., Zengin M., Günüz E., Çalışkan M., Canbolat A. F., Akbulut A., Emir N., Ataç Ü. 1993. The assessment of fish stocks in Çıldır Lake. TÜBİTAK, DEBAG 079/G, 132 p.

Yolaçan E. 2005. Growth and reproduction of Capoeta capoeta capoeta (Güldenstaedt, 1772) living in Kars River. MSc Thesis, Kafkas University, 48 p.

Zengin M., Yerli S.V., Dağtekin M., Akpınar İ.Ö. 2012. Changes in the fisheries of Çıldır Lake (Turkey) in the last twenty years. Eğirdir Journal of Fisheries 8: 10-24.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.