Endemic Freshwater Fishes of Turkey

Erdogan ÇIÇEK, Ronald FRICKE, Sevil SUNGUR, Soheil EAGDERI

Abstract

Turkey shows a notable diversity of habitats, with significant variations in altitude, rainfall, temperature, topography and geological history, which is reflected in its richness of biodiversity. Although there are quite a number of publications on the freshwater fish taxonomy, the data set for endemic freshwater fish as assemblages are poor. According to recent findings, a total of 194 endemic freshwater fish species are now recognised within the political boundaries of Turkey. Endemic fish consist of 47.4% of the Turkish freshwater ichthyofauna (409 species). At the family level, the Cyprinidae comprises the greatest number of endemic species (110 species; 56.7% of the endemic species), followed by the Nemacheilidae (31 species; 16.0%), Cyprinodontidae (18 species; 9.3%), Cobitidae (14 species; 7.2%), Salmonidae (12 species; 6.2%), Gobiidae (7 species; 3.6%), Petromyzontidae (1 species; 0.5%) and Clupeidae (1 species; 0.5%). A total of 143 species (73.71%) are found within a single basin. Considering species diversity, the Konya endorheic basin (64.10%) is the richest in endemics, followed by Burdur (52.38%), Büyük Menderes (40.28%), Van Gölü (38.46%) and Antalya (34.00%). IUCN Red List criteria of 194 endemic species that were evaluated, 18 species (9.3%) are CR, 38 species (19.6%) EN, 17 species (8.8%) VU, 12 species (6.2%) NT, 35 species (18.0%) LC, 11 species (5.7%) DD and 59 species (30.4%) NE. In total, 4 (2.1%) of the species which are endemic to Turkey are already extinct. In this study, the endemic freshwater fish fauna is analysed in terms of their systematic, ecology and distribution pattern for inland basins of Turkey.

Keywords

Endemicity, Anatolia, IUCN Red List, River basins.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ahnelt H. 1995. Two new species of Knipowitschia Iljin, 1927 (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from Western Anatolia. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 92: 155-168.

Ahnelt H. 2011. Two new sympatric Knipowitschia species (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from an eastern Mediterranean coastal lake-examples of different dispersal patterns? Zootaxa 3114: 22-30.

Akin S., Turan H., Kaymak N. 2016. Does diet variation determine the digestive tract length of Capoeta banarescui Turan, Kottelat, Ekmekci and Imamoglu, 2006. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 32: 883-892.

Akşiray F. 1948. Türkische Cyprinodontidlerii hakkinda I. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul Série B Sciences Naturelles 13(2): 97-138.

Akşiray F. 1955. Über eine neue Anatolichthys-Form. Publications of the Hydrobiological Research Institute Series B Istanbul Istanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Hidrobiologi Araştırma Enstitüsü Yayınlarından Seri B 3: 57-62.

Alwan N., Esmaeili H.R., Krupp F. 2016. Molecular phylogeny and zoogeography of the Capoeta damascina species complex (Pisces: Teleostei: Cyprinidae). PLoS ONE, 11 (6): e0156434: 1-25.

Angela H., Arthington A.H., Dulvy N.K., Gladstone W., Winfield I.J. 2016. Fish conservation in freshwater and marine realms: status, threats and management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 26: 838-857.

Anonymous 2012. The effect of dams on fish biodiversity: A global view. https://freshwaterblog.net/2012/06/11/the-effect-of-dams-on-fish-biodiversity-a-global-view/, 22.05.2016.

Băcescu M.C. 1962. Contribution à la systématique du genre Cobitis. Description d'une espèce nouvelle, Cobitis calderoni, provenant de l'Espagne. Revue de Biologie, Académie de la République Populaire Roumaine Bucarest 6(4) [for 1961]: 435-448.

Bănărescu P.M. 1999. The freshwater fishes of Europe, volume 5/I. Cyprinidae 2/I. Aula-Verlag. 426 p.

Bănărescu P.M. 1968. Süßwasserfische der Türkei. Ergänzende Angaben zu Teil 2: Cobitidae. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 65: 353-356.

Bănărescu P.M., Nalbant T.T. 1973. Pisces, Teleostei. Cyprinidae (Gobioninae). Das Tierreich, 93: 1-304.

Bănărescu P.M., Nalbant T.T., Balik S. 1978. Süßwasserfische der Türkei. 11. Teil. Die Gattung Orthrias in der Türkei und in Südbulgarien (Pisces, Cobitidae, Noemacheilinae). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 75: 255-266.

Barbieri R.S., Zogaris E., Kalogianni MTh., Stoumboudi Y., Chatzinikolaou S., Giakoumi Y., Kapakos D., Kommatas N., Koutsikos V., Tachos L., Vardakas, Economou A.N. 2015. Freshwater Fishes and Lampreys of Greece: An annotated checklist. Monographs on Marine Sciences No. 8 Hellenic Centre for Marine Research: 130.

Bardakci F., Degerli N., Ozdemir O., Basibuyuk H.H. 2006. Phylogeography of the Turkish brown trout Salmo trutta L.: mitochondrial DNA PCR-RFLP variation. Journal of Fish Biology 68(Supplement A): 36-55.

Battalgazi F. 1944. Türkiye'de yeni ve az taninmis baliklar. Poissons nouveaux et peu connus de la Turquie. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles 9(4): 299-305.

Battalgil F. 1941. Türkiye’nin tatlı su baliklari. Les poissons des eaux douces de la Turquie. (Collection de l'Institut de Zoologie de l'Université d'Istanbul.). Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles 6(1-2): 170-186.

Battalgil F. 1942. Türkiye tatlı su baliklari hakkinda. Contribution à la connaissance des poissons des eaux douces de la Turquie. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles 7(4): 287-306.

Battalgil F. 1944. Türkiye'de yeni tatlı su balιklarι. Nouveau poissons des eaux douces de la Turquie. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles 9(2) (for 1943): 126-133.

Bayçelebi E., Turan D., Japoshvili B. 2015. Fish fauna of Çoruh River and two first record for Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 15: 783-794.

Behnke R.J. 1968. Süßwasserfische der Türkei. 6. Teil. A new subgenus and species of trout, Salmo (Platysalmo) platycephalus, from southcentral Turkey, with comments on the classifikation [sic] of the subfamily Salmoninae. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 66: 1-15.

Bennett E.T. 1835 [A letter...to the Secretary by Keith E. Abbott, Esq., ... Trebizond ... Erzeroun ..., a collection of skins of mammals and birds, and of preserved reptiles, fishes, and insects]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1835(3): 89-92.

Berg L.S. 1910. Rapport sur une mission zoologique au Cascase en 1909. [In Russian.] Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 15: 153-170.

Berg L.S. 1949. Fresh-water fish of Iran and of neighbouring countries. Trudy Instituta Zoologii Akademija Nauk SSSR 8(4): 783-858. (In Russian)

Bilecenoğlu M., Kaya M., Cihangir B., Çiçek E. 2014. An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 901-929.

Birecikligil S., Eagderi S., Jouladeh-Roudbar A., Çiçek E. 2017. Alburnoides recepi, a junior synonym of Alburnus caeruleus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 427(1): 129-136.

Bogutskaya N.G. 1992. A revision of species of the genus Pseudophoxinus (Leuciscinae, Cyprinidae) from Asia Minor. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 89: 261-290.

Bogutskaya N.G. 1995. Leuciscus kurui, a new cyprinid fish from the Upper Tigris (Dicle) system. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 92: 149-154.

Bogutskaya N.G. 1996. Contribution to the knowledge of leuciscine fishes of Asia Minor. Part 1. Morphology and taxonomic relationships of Leuciscus borysthenicus (Kessler, 1859), L. smyrnaeus Boulenger, 1896 and Ladigesocypris ghigii (Gianferrari, 1927). Publicaciones especiales del Instituto Español de Oceanografía 21: 25-44.

Bogutskaya N.G. 1997a. Chondrostoma beysehirense, a new cyprinid fish from Beysehir Lake, central Turkey. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 8(2): 151-158.

Bogutskaya N.G. 1997b. Contribution to the knowledge of leuciscine fishes of Asia Minor. Part 2. An anotated checklist of leuciscine fishes (Leuciscinae, Cyprinidae) of Turkey with descriptions of a new species and two new subspecies. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 94: 161-186.

Bogutskaya N.G., Küçük F., Atalay M.A. 2006. A description of three new species of the genus Pseudophoxinus from Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Leuciscinae). Zoosystematica Rossica 15(2): 335-341.

Bogutskaya N.G., Küçük F., Ünlü E. 2000. Alburnus baliki, a new species of cyprinid fish from the Manavgat River system. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 11(1): 55-64.

Boulenger G.A. 1890. Description of two new cyprinodontoid fishes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) 6(32, 19): 169-170.

Boulenger G.A. 1896. Freshwater fishes from Smyrna. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) 18(104): 153-154.

Carey M.P., Wahl D.H. 2010. Native fish diversity alters the effects of an invasive species on food webs. Ecology 91(10): 2965-74.

Çetinkaya O. 2006. Exotic and native fish species that introduced or stocked into Turkish waters, their impacts on aquaculture, fisheries, wild populations and aquatic ecosystems: a preliminary study on constructing a database. Symposium on the stocking reservoir management, 07-09 February 2006, Antalya-Turkey.

Çiçek E., Sungur-Birecikligil S., Fricke R. 2015. Freshwater fishes of Turkey: A revised and updated annotated checklist. Biharean Biologist 9(2): 141-157.

Çiçek E., Sungur-Birecikligil S., Fricke R. 2016. Addanda and errata of: Freshwater fishes of Turkey: a revised and updated annotated checklist. FishTaxa 1(2): 116-117.

Coad B.W. 2006. Endemicity in the Freshwater Fishes of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 1(1): 1-13.

Coad B.W., Sarieyyüpoğlu M. 1988. Cobitis elazigensis, a new species of cobitidid fish from Anatolia. Japenese Journal of Ichthyology 34: 426-430.

Cucherousset J.J., Olden D. 2011. Ecological impacts of non-native freshwater fishes. Fisheries 36: 215-230.

Delmastro G.B. 1982. Un nuovo cobite dai tributari del Mar Nero in Asia Minore (Osteichthyes, Cobitidae). Rivista Piemontese di Storia Naturale 3: 53-59.

Di Caporiacco, L. 1935. Escursione del Prof. Nello Beccari in Anatolia. Pesci. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 46(8): 255-259.

Dudgeon D., Arthington A.H., Gessner M.O., Kawabata Z.I., Knowler D.J., Leveque C., Naiman R.J., Prieur-Richard A-H., Soto D., Stiassny M.L.J., Sullivan C.A. 2006. Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Reviews 81: 163-182.

Dugan P.J., Barlow C., Agostinho A.A., Baran E., Cada G.F., Chen D., Cowx I.G., Ferguson J.W., Jutagate T., Mallen-Cooper M., Marmulla G., Nestler J., Petrere M., Welcomme R.L., Winemiller K.O. 2010. Fish Migration, Dams, and Loss of Ecosystem Services in the Mekong Basin AMBIO 39: 344-348.

Ekmekçi F.G., Atalay M.A., Yoğurtçuoğlu B., Turan D., Küçük F. 2015. A new species of Pseudophoxinus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from southwestern Anatolia. Zootaxa 4033(1): 117-128.

Ekmekçi F.G., Kirankaya Ş.G., Gençoğlu L., Yoğurtçuoğlu B. 2013. Present Status of Invasive Fishes in Inland Waters of Turkey and Assessment of the Effects of Invasion. Istanbul University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 28: 105-140.

Elp M., Şen F., Özuluğ M. 2015. Alburnus selcuklui, a new species of cyprinid fish from east Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 15: 181-186.

Elvira B. 1987. Taxonomic revision of the genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1835 (Pisces, Cyprinidae) Cybium 11(2): 111-140.

Emiroğlu Ö., Ekmekçi F.G., Aksu S., Başkurt S., Atalay A., Tarkan A.S. 2016. Introduction and establishment of tropical ornamental fish, Pterygoplichthys spp. (Actinopterygii: Siluriformes: Loricariidae) in hot springs: Aquarium trade as a potential risk for biodiversity in Turkey. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 46(4): 351-356.

Erk’akan F., Özdemir F. 2011. Revision of the fish fauna of the Seyhan and Ceyhan River Basins in Turkey. Research Journal of Biological Sciences 6(1): 1-8.

Erk'akan F. 2012. Two new Oxynoemacheilus (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) species from western Turkey. Research Journal of Biological Sciences 7(2): 97-101.

Erk'akan F., Atalay-Ekmekçi F.G., Nalbant T.T. 1998. Four new species and one new subspecies of the genus Cobitis (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Cobitidae) from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 22(1): 9-15.

Erk'akan F., Kuru M. 1986. A new Noemacheilinae loach subspecies from the Lake Van Basin, Turkey (Osteichthyes, Cobitidae). Doga Turk Biyoloji Dergisi 10(2): 160-162.

Erk'akan F., Nalbant T.T., Özeren S.C. 2007. Seven new species of Barbatula, three new species of Schistura and a new species of Seminemacheilus (Ostariophysi: Balitoridae: Nemacheilinae) from Turkey. Journal of Fisheries International 2(1): 69-85.

Erk'akan F., Özdemir F. 2014. The first new cave fish species, Cobitis damlae (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from Turkey. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry 42(2): 275-279.

Erk'akan F., Özeren S.C., Nalbant T.T. 2008a. Cobitis evreni sp. nova - a new spined loach species (Cobitidae) from southern Turkey. Journal of Fisheries International 3(4): 112-114.

Erk'akan F., Özeren S.C., Nalbant T.T. 2008b. Two new species of stone loaches from Turkey (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Journal of Fisheries International 3(4): 115-119.

Ermin R. 1946. Cyprinodontid'lerde pul reduksiyonu Schuppenreduktion bei Zahnkarpfen (Cyprinodontidae). Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles 11(4): 217-272.

Eschmeyer W.N., Fricke R., van der Laan R. 2018. Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References.(http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed 05.10.2018.

Esmaeili H.R., Sayyadzadeh G., Özulug M., Geiger M., Freyhof J. 2014. Three new species of Turcinoemacheilus from Iran and Turkey (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 24(3): 257-273.

Esmaeili H.R., Sayyadzadeh, G., Eagderi, S., Abbasi, K. 2018. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran. FishTaxa 3(3): 1-95.

Filippi F., de 1865. Note di un viaggio in Persia nel 1862. Volume unico. G. Daelli, Milano.1-396 [Pisces, pp. 357-360].

Freyhof J., Özulug M. 2006. Pseudophoxinus ninae, a new species from Central Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 17(3): 255-259.

Freyhof J., Özuluğ M. 2010a. Pseudophoxinus hittitorum, a new species of spring minnow from Central Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 21(3): 239-245.

Freyhof J., Özuluğ M. 2010b. Pseudophoxinus evliyae, a new species of spring minnow from western Anatolia with remarks on the distribution of P. ninae and the systematic position of P. fahirae (Teleostei: Cyrpinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 20(4): 309-318.

Freyhof J., Özuluğ M. 2010c. Pseudophoxinus fahrettini, a new species of spring minnow from Central Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 20(4): 325-332.

Freyhof J., Özuluğ M. 2014. Acanthobrama thisbeae, a new species of bream from southern Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 25(1): 1-10.

Freyhof F., Özuluğ M., Saç G. 2017. Neotype designation of Aphanius iconii, first reviser action to stabilise the usage of A. fontinalis and A. meridionalis and comments on the family group names of fishes placed in Cyprinodontidae (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). Zootaxa 4294(5): 573-585

Freyhof J. 2011. Salmo trutta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T19861A9050312.http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T19861A9050312.en. Downloaded on 15 August 2018.

Freyhof J. 2014a. Alburnus nicaeensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T19018670A19222798. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T19018670A19222798.en. Downloaded on 01 September 2018.

Freyhof J. 2014b. Aphanius splendens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T1848A19006085. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T1848A19006085.en. Downloaded on 01 September 2018.

Freyhof J., Özuluğ M. 2017. Oxynoemacheilus hazarensis, a new species from Lake Hazar in Turkey, with remarks on O. euphraticus (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa, 4247 (4): 378-390.

Freyhof J., Kaya C., Bayçelebi E., Geiger M., Turan D. 2018. Generic assignment of Leuciscus kurui Bogutskaya from the upper Tigris drainage, and a replacement name for Alburnus kurui Mangit & Yerli (Teleostei: Leuciscidae). Zootaxa 4410(1): 113-135.

Freyhof J., Özuluğ M., Kaya C., Bayçelebi E., Turan D. 2018. Redescription of Alburnus kotschyi Steindachner, 1863, with comments on Alburnus sellal adanensis Battalgazi, 1944 (Teleostei: Leuciscidae). Zootaxa 4382(3): 573-582.

Fricke R., Bilecenoglu M., Sari H.M. 2007. Annotated checklist of fish and lamprey species (Gnathostomata and Petromyzontomorphi) of Turkey, including a Red List of threatened and declining species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A 706:1-172.

Fricke R., Eschmeyer W.N. 2016. Guide to fish collections in the Catalog of fishes. Online version, updated 30 September 2016. (http://research.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/Catalog/collections.asp)

Froese R., Pauly D. (eds.) 2016. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version 01/2016.

Geldiay R., Balık S. 2007. Freshwater Fishes of Turkey. V. Edition, Ege University Press. Bornova: Izmir.

Ghalambor C.K., Mckay J.K., Carroll S.P., Reznicki D.N. 2007. Adaptive versus non-adaptive phenotypic plasticity and the potential for contemporary adaptation in new environments. Functional Ecology 21: 394-407.

Güçlü S.S. 2012. Population structure of Killifish, Aphanius anatoliae (Cyprinodontidae) endemic to Anatolia in Lake Eğirdir-Isparta (Turkey). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 11(4): 786-795.

Güçlü S.S., Çiftçi Y., Küçük F., Turan D., Mutlu A.G. 2018. A new Chondrostoma species from the Büyük Menderes River Basin, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zoology in the Middle East 64: 315-321.

Günther A. [CLG] 1868. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Heteropygii, Cyprinidae, Gonorhynchidae, Hyodontidae, Osteoglossidae, Clupeidae, Chirocentridae, Alepocephalidae, Notopteridae, Halosauridae, in the collection of the British Museum. Volume 7. British Museum London. 512 p.

Hankó B. 1925. Fische aus Klein-Asien. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 21 (for 29 Dec. 1924): 137-158.

Harold A.S., Mooi R.D. 1994. Areas of endemism: definition and recognition criteria. Systematic Biology 43 (2): 261-266.

Heckel J.J. 1843. Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. Pp. 990-1099. In: Russegger, J. von (ed.): Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die naturwissenschaftlichen Verhältnisse der betreffenden Länder unternommen in den Jahren 1835 bis 1841, etc. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagshandlung Stuttgart.

Hrbek T., Wildekamp R.H. 2003. Aphanius villwocki, a new species from the Sakarya River basin of central Anatolian plain, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 14(2): 137-144.

Hwang S., Lee S., Yoo B. 2014. Ecological conservation and the restoration of freshwater environments in Korea. Paddy and Water Environment 12: 1-5.

Innal D. 2012. Alien fish species in reservoir systems in Turkey: a review. Management of Biological Invasions 3: 115-119.

Innal D., Erk’akan F. 2006. Effects of exotic and translocated fish species in the inland waters of Turkey. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 16: 39-50.

IUCN 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2. . Downloaded on 04 September 2016.

Joy M.K., Death R.G. 2004. Application of the index of biotic integrity methodology to New Zealand freshwater fish communities. Environmental Management 34 (3): 415-428.

Kamensky S.N. 1899. Die Cypriniden der Kaukasusländer und ihrer angrenzenden Meere. 1. [In Russian, German summary.] Tiflis: i-vii + 1-157, Pls. 1-12 [6 cited in text]. [Title varies.]

Karaman M.S. 1969. Süßwasserfische der Türkei. 7. Teil. Revision der kleinasiatischen und vorderasiatischen Arten des Genus Capoeta (Varicorhinus, partim). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 66: 17-54.

Karaman M.S. 1971. Süßwasserfische der Türkei. 8. Teil. Revision der Barben Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 67: 175-254.

Karaman M.S. 1972. Süßwasserfische der Türkei. 9. Teil. Revision einiger kleinwüchsiger Cyprinidengattungen Phoxinellus, Leucaspius, Acanthobrama usw.aus Südeuropa, Kleinasien, Vorder-Asien und Nordafrika. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 69: 115-155.

Karr J.R. 1981. Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities. Fisheries 6(6): 21-27.

Kaya C., Turan D., Ünlü E. 2016. The Latest Status and Distribution of Fishes in Upper Tigris River and Two New Records for Turkish Freshwaters. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 16: 545-562.

Klemetsen A., Amundsen P.A., Dempson J.B., Jonsson B., Jonsson N., O’Connell M.F., Mortensen E. 2003. Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., brown trout Salmo trutta L. and Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (L.): a review of aspects of their life histories. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 12: 1-59.

Kosswig C. 1950. Die Gattung Tylognathus in Vorderasien. In: Ergänzungband "Neue Ergebnisse und Probleme der Zoologie", Festschrift Berthold Klatt. Zoologischer Anzeiger 145: 406-415.

Kosswig C., Sözer F. 1945. Nouveaux Cyprinodontides de l'Anatolie centrale. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul Série B Sciences Naturelles 10(2): 77-83.

Kottelat M. 2012. Conspectus Cobitidum: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 26: 1-199.

Kovačić M., Engín S. 2008. Two new species of Neogobius (Gobiidae) from northeastern Turkey. Cybium 32(1): 73-80.

Krupp F. 1985. Rehabilitation of Barbus lorteti Sauvage, 1882, and comments on the validity of the generic names Bertinius Fang, 1943, and Bertinichthys Whitley, 1953 (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Hydrobiologia 120: 63-68.

Krupp F., Schneider W. 1991. Two new species of Nemacheilus Bleeker 1863 from the Orontes River drainage basin of Lebanon, Syria and Turkey (Pisces: Osteichthyes: Balitoridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 71(1/3): 23-34.

Küçük F. 2007. Pseudophoxinus alii (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), a new fish species from the Antalya Region. Turkish Journal of Zoology 31: 1-8.

Küçük F. 2012. Extinct endemic fishes of Turkey: Alburnus akili (Gövce) and Pseudophoxinus handlirschi (Kavinne) (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 12: 345-347.

Küçük F., Bayçelebi E., Güçlü S.S., Gülle I. 2015. Description of a new species of Hemigrammocapoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Lake Işıklı. Zootaxa 4052(3): 359-365.

Küçük F., Güçlü S.S. 2014. A new Pseudophoxinus (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) species from Asi River Drainage (Turkey). ZooKeys 411: 57-66.

Küçük F., Gülle İ., Güçlü S.S. 2016. Pseudophoxinus iconii, a new species of spring minnow from Central Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 27(3): 283-288.

Küçük F., Gülle I., Güçlü S.S., Çiftçi Y., Erdoğan Ö. 2013. A new Pseudophoxinus (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) species from southwestern Anatolia, with remarks on the distribution of the genus in western Anatolia. ZooKeys 320: 29-41.

Küçük F., Turan D., Şahin C., Gülle I. 2009. Capoeta mauricii n. sp., a new species of cyprinid fish from Lake Beyşehir, Turkey (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae). Zoology in the Middle East 47: 71-82.

Kuru M. 1980. A new fish species from Lake Van (Cyprinidae) (description). Hacettepe Bulletin of Natural Science and Engineering: a bulletin published by Hacettepe University, Faculty of Science 9: 97-102.

Kux Z., Steiner H.M. 1972. Lampetra lanceolata, eine neue Neunaugenart aus dem Einzugsgebiet des Schwarzen Meeres in der nordöstlichen Türkei. Časopis Moravského Musea, Acta Musei Moraviae, Vědy Přírodní/Scientiae Naturales 56/57: 375-384.

Ladiges W. 1960. Süßwasserfische der Türkei, I. Teil Cyprinidae. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 58: 105-150.

Leidenfrost G. 1912. Kis-ázsiai halak [Fishes from Asia Minor.]. Allatani Közlemények, Budapest 11: 125-132, 159-160.

Lintermans M. 2004. Human-assisted dispersal of alien freshwater fish in Australia. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 38: 481-501.

Malmqvist B., Rundle S. 2002. Threats to running water ecosystems of the world. Environmental Conservation 29:134-153.

Mangıt F., Yerli S.V. 2018. Systematic evaluation of the genus Alburnus (Cyprinidae) with description of a new species. Hydrobiologia 807(1): 297-312.

Marin K. 2015. A multidisciplinary approach to investigating population differentiation of lake trout in Québec’s largest lake. MSc, Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

McCully P. 2001. Silenced rivers: the ecology and politics of large dams. Zed Books. 359 p.

Mohammadian-Kalat T., Esmaeili H. R., Aliabadian M., Freyhof J. 2017. Re-description of Alburnus doriae, with comments on the taxonomic status of A. amirkabiri, A. mossulensis, A. sellal and Petroleuciscus esfahani (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 4323(4): 487-502.

Nalbant T.T. 1998. The presence of the genus Schistura (Pisces: Ostariophysi: Nemacheilidae) in Tigris drainage, western Asia. The description of a new species. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" No. 40: 371-375.

Naseka A.M., Erk'akan F., Küçük F. 2006. A description of two new species of the genus Gobio from central Anatolia (Turkey) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zoosystematica Rossica 15: 185-194.

Nelson J.S., Grande T.C., Wilson M.V.H. 2016. Fishes of the world. Fifth edition. Hoboken, New Jersey, John Wiley. 707 p.

Neu W. 1934. Untersuchungen an türkischen Seen. Part II. Der Zwerghering des Albuliond Göl: Clupeonella muhlisi n. sp. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, Leipzig 30(5-6): 446-452.

Neu W. 1937. Burdur gölünden çikan Cyprinodon sureyanus n. sp. [Cyprinodon sureyanus n. sp. aus dem Burdur Göl]. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul Série B Sciences Naturelles 2(2): 109-113.

Ninua L., Tarkhnishvili D., Gvazava E. 2018. Phylogeography and taxonomic status of trout and salmon from the Ponto-Caspian drainages, with inferences on European Brown Trout evolution and taxonomy. Ecology and Evolution 8: 2645-2658.

Özdemir F. 2013. The revision of species and subspecies of the genus Capoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) by using both the classical systematic and molecular systematic methods in Turkey. PhD, Hacettepe University, Ankara.

Özdemir F. 2015. Principle components analysis of two pairs of barbels species of the genus Capoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 47(3): 753-762.

Özuluğ M., Freyhof J. 2007. Rediagnosis of four species of Alburnus from Turkey and description of two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 18(3): 233-246.

Özuluğ M., Freyhof J. 2008a. Capoeta turani, a new species of barbel from River Seyhan, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 19(4): 289-296.

Özuluğ M., Freyhof J. 2008b. Alburnus demiri, a new species of bleak from western Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 18(4): 307-312.

Özuluğ M., Freyhof J. 2011. Revision of the genus Squalius in western and central Anatolia, with description of four new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 22(2): 107-148.

Özuluğ M., Geiger M.F., Freyhof J. 2018. Alburnus goekhani, a new species of bleak from the Anatolian Black Sea basin (Teleostei: Leuciscidae). Zootaxa 4410(1): 29-40.

Pakkasmaa S., Piironen J. 2001. Morphological differentiation among local trout (Salmo trutta) populations. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 231-239.

Pallas P.S. 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum. Tomus 3 Petropoli: i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV), pls. 1, 13, 14, 15, 20 and 21. [Date of publication for vol. 3 fixed as 1814 in Opinion 212, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.]

Pellegrin J. 1927. Poissons d'Asie Mineure recueillis par M. H. Gadeau de Kerville. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 52: 36-37.

Pfleiderer S.J., Geiger M.F., Herder F. 2014. Aphanius marassantensis, a new toothcarp from the Kızılırmak dainage in northern Anatolia (Cyprinidontiformes: Cyprinodontidae). Zootaxa 3887(5): 569-582.

Pietschmann V. 1933. Drei neue Fischarten (Cypriniden) aus Kleinasien. Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien 70: 21-23. [Appeared first as a separate in 1933, pp. 1-2; journal version appeared in 1934.]

Price A.C., Weadick C.J., Shim J., Rodd F.H. 2008. Pigments, Patterns, and Fish Behavior. Zebrafish 5(4): 297-307.

Reyjol Y., Hugueny B., Pont D., Bianco P.G., Beier U., Caiola N., Casals F., Cowx I., Economou A., Ferreira T., Haidvogl G., Noble R., Sostoa A., de Vigneron T., Virbickas T. 2007. Patterns in species richness and endemism of European freshwater fish. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16: 65-75.

Sauvage H.E. 1882. Catalogue des poissons recueillis par M. E. Chantre pendant son voyage en Syrie, Haute-Mésopotamie, Kurdistan et Caucase. Bulletin de la Société Philomathique de Paris (Sér. 7) 6: 163-168.

Saymour K. 2007. The influence of salmon presence on benthic communities in three Puyallup-White River tributaries. MSc, The Evergreen State College.

Schöter C., Özuluğ M., Freyhof J. 2009. Capoeta caelestis, a new species from Göksu River, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 20(3): 229-236.

Scudder T. 2005. The future of large dams: dealing with social, environmental, institutional and political costs. Earthscan, London, Sterling, VA, 398 p.

Şekercioğlu Ç.H., Anderson S., Akçay E., Bilgin R., Can Ö.A., Semiz G., Tavşanoğlu Ç., Yokeş M.B., Soyumert A., Ipekdal K., Sağlam I.K., Yücel M., Dalfes H.N. 2011. Turkey’s globally important biodiversity in crisis. Biological Conservation 144: 2752-2769.

Sköld H.N., Aspengren S., Wallin M. 2012. Rapid color change in fish and amphibians-function, regulation, and emerging applications. Pigment Cell and Melanoma Research 26: 29-38.

Sözer F. 1942. Türkiye Cyprinodontid'leri hakkında [Contributions à la connaissance des Cyprinodontides de la Turquie]. Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul Série B: Sciences Naturelles 7(4): 307-316.

Steindachner F. 1863. Ueber eine neue Alburnus-Art aus Syrien. Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Wien 48 (pt. 1): 193-194.

Steindachner F. 1897. Bericht über die von Dr. Escherich in der Umgebung von Angora gesammelten Fische und Reptilien. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 64: 685-699. [Appeared first as a separate in 1897, pp. 1-15; journal version appeared in 1898.]

Tarkan A.S., Ekmekçi F.G., Vilizzi L., Copp G.H. 2014. Risk screening of nonnative freshwater fishes at the frontier between Asia and Europe: first application in Turkey of the fish invasiveness screening kit. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30: 392-398.

Tarkan A.S., Marr S.M., Ekmekçi F.G. 2015. Non-native and translocated freshwater fish species in Turkey. FiSHMED Fishes in Mediterranean Environments 2015 003: 28 p.

Taşar E.G., Polat A., Darılmaz M.C., Türken H., Aydoğan Z., Incekara Ü., Kasapoğlu A. 2012. A Good Sample to Concurrent Fauna: Study on Aquatic Coleoptera Fauna (Adephaga and Polyphaga) of Lake Van Basin (Turkey), with some Zoogeographic Remarks. Journal of the Entomological Research Society 14(2): 27-37.

Tortonese E. 1954. The trouts of Asiatic Turkey. Publications Institute Hydrobiology University of Istanbul (Série B) 2(1): 1-26.

Turan D., Bektaş Y., Kaya C., Bayçelebi E. 2016a. Alburnoides diclensis (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae), a new species of cyprinid fish from the upper Tigris River. Zootaxa 4067(1): 79-87.

Turan D., Doğan E., Kaya C., Kanyılmaz M. 2014a. Salmo kottelati, a new species of trout from Alakır Stream, draining to the Mediterranean in southern Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei, Salmonidae). ZooKeys 462: 135-151.

Turan D., Ekmekçi F.G., Ilhan A., Engin S. 2008a. Luciobarbus kottelati, a new species of barbel (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Büyük Menderes River, Turkey, with rediagnose of L. lydianus. Zootaxa 1824: 35-44.

Turan D., Ekmekçi F.G., Kaya C., Güçlü S.S. 2013a. Alburnoides manyasensis (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae), a new species of cyprinid fish from Manyas Lake basin. ZooKeys 276: 85-102.

Turan D., Ekmekçi F.G., Luskova V., Mendel J. 2012a. Description of a new species of the genus Gobio from Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3257: 56-65.

Turan D., Japoshvili B., Aksu I., Bektaş Y. 2016b. Description of two new species of the genus Gobio (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Black Sea coast of Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 62: 112-124.

Turan D., Kaya C., Ekmekçi F.G., Doğan E. 2014b. Three new species of Alburnoides (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Euphrates River, Eastern Anatolia. Zootaxa 3754(2): 101-116.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Bektaş Y. 2011. Salmo tigridis, a new species of trout from the Tigris River, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Zootaxa 2993: 23-33.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Doğan E. 2013b. Two new species of Squalius, S. adanaensis and S. seyhanensis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), from the Seyhan River in Turkey. Zootaxa 3637(3): 308-324.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Ekmekçi F.G. 2008b. Capoeta erhani, a new species of cyprinid fish from Ceyhan River, Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 19(3): 263-270.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Ekmekçi F.G. 2009a. Barbus niluferensis, a new species of barbel (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Nilüfer River, Turkey, with re-description of B. oligolepis. Zootaxa 1981: 15-28.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Ekmekçi F.G., Imamoğlu H.O. 2006a. A review of Capoeta tinca, with descriptions of two new species from Turkey (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 113(2): 421-436.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Engin S. 2010. Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 20(4): 333-364.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Engin S. 2012b. The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 23(3): 219-236.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Engin S. 2014c. Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 24(3): 275-287.

Turan D., Kottelat M., Kirankaya S.G., Engin S. 2006b. Capoeta ekmekciae, a new species of cyprinid fish from northeastern Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 17(2): 147-156.

Turan D., Yilmaz B.T., Kaya C. 2009b. Squalius kottelati, a new cyprinid species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Orontes River Turkey. Zootaxa 2270: 53-62.

Turan D., Kaya C., Geiger M., Freyhof J. 2018. Barbus anatolicus, a new barbel from the Kızılırmak and Yeşilırmak River drainages in northern Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 4461(4): 539-557.

Van der Laan R., Eschmeyer W.N., Fricke R. 2014. Family-group names of recent fishes. Zootaxa Monograph 3882(1): 1-230.

Vörösmarty C.J., McIntyre P.B., Gessner M.O., Dudgeon D., Prusevich A., Green P., Glidden P.S., Bunn S.E., Sullivan C.A., Reidy Liermann C., Davies P.M. 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature 467: 555-561.

Westley P.A.H. 2012. Biological invasions as fortuitous experiments in nature: Ecology, evolution, and phenotypic plasticity ofnon-native brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Newfoundland, Canada. PhD, Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Newfoundland, Canada.

Wildekamp R.H., Küçük F., Ünlüsayin M., van Neer W. 1999. Species and subspecies of the genus Aphanius Nardo, 1897 [sic] (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 23-44.

Yoğurtçuoğlu B., Ekmekçi F.G. 2018. First Record of the Giant Pangasius, Pangasıus sanitwongsei (Actinopterygi: Siluriformes: Pangaiidae), From Central Anatolia, Turkey. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria 48(3): 241-244.

Yoğurtçuoğlu B., Freyhof J. 2018. Aphanius irregularis, a new killifish from south-western Anatolia (Cyprinodontiformes: Aphaniidae). Zootaxa 4410(2): 319-330.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.